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personal computer
home computer
Macintosh computer

A small, relatively inexpensive computer designed for an individual user. In price, personal computers range anywhere from a few hundred dollars to over five thousand dollars. All are based on the microprocessor technology that enables manufacturers to put an entire CPU on one chip. Businesses use personal computers for word processing, accounting, desktop publishing, and for running spreadsheet and database management applications. At home, the most popular use for personal computers is for playing games.

Personal computers first appeared in the late 1970s. One of the first and most popular personal computers was the Apple II, introduced in 1977 by Apple Computer. During the late 1970s and early 1980s, new models and competing operating systems seemed to appear daily. Then, in 1981, IBM entered the fray with its first personal computer, known as the IBM PC. The IBM PC quickly became the personal computer of choice, and most other personal computer manufacturers fell by the wayside. One of the few companies to survive IBM's onslaught was Apple Computer, which remains a major player in the personal computer marketplace.

Other companies adjusted to IBM's dominance by building IBM clones, computers that were internally almost the same as the IBM PC, but that cost less. Because IBM clones used the same microprocessors as IBM PCs, they were capable of running the same software. Over the years, IBM has lost much of its influence in directing the evolution of PCs. Many of its innovations, such as the MCA expansion bus and the OS/2 operating system, have not been accepted by the industry or the marketplace.

Today, the world of personal computers is basically divided between Apple Macintoshes and PCs. The principal characteristics of personal computers are that they are single-user systems and are based on microprocessors. However, although personal computers are designed as single-user systems, it is common to link them together to form a network. In terms of power, there is great variety. At the high end, the distinction between personal computers and workstations has faded. High-end models of the Macintosh and PC offer the same computing power and graphics capability as low-end workstations by Sun Microsystems, Hewlett-Packard, and DEC.


For pages about personal computer, . Also, check out the following links!

More Information

Outstanding Page
Helps to guide all levels of computer users through the process of comparing, selecting and purchasing the products that most closely match their needs. Includes Ziff-Davis product reviews and vendor special offers. Updated on May 13, 1998

Outstanding Page MicroDesign's microprocessor page
This is MicroDesign Resources page on microprocessors. It features a microprocessor report newsletter, objective performance testing, technical seminars and forums, and guides on selecting microprocessors. Updated on Jul 23, 1998

Outstanding Page PC Guide
PC hardware reference site containing sections on systems and components, maintenance and care, and technical resources, as well as troubleshooting, repair and optimization tips and techniques. Updated on Dec 6, 1997

Outstanding Page ZD Net
The ZD Net site provides the latest computing news, product reviews, Internet resources, downloadable software/shareware and an active community of users. Updated on Aug 4, 1998 offers two separate services: a free advice and consultation area maintained by ZDNet offering articles, tips, a support finder and discussion area, and The Health Club, a subscription-based membership service which provides access to Symantec's leading anti-virus, utility and LiveUpdate software. Updated on Aug 5, 1998

  Jumbo Computer home page
Jumbo Computer is a manufacturer and worldwide exporter of computer systems and parts for corporate buyers. Their product catalog includes multimedia, personal computers, motherboards, network, memory, monitor, and hard disks products. Updated on Feb 23, 1998

  PC Help Online
Provides links to PC vendors, hardware manufacturers, software companies, PC related resources, and a discussion forum. Updated on Mar 4, 1998

  Yahoo!'s PC user groups page
Yahoo!'s directory of PC user groups. Updated on Aug 4, 1998

  Yahoo!'s personal computer hardware page
Yahoo!'s directory of personal computer hardware. Updated on Aug 1, 1998

  Yahoo!'s systems page
Yahoo!'s directory of system manufacturers. Updated on May 9, 1998


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