"Where was I," you ask, "while all this was happening?" Well, it's quite simple really: the Space Program. America was so fascinated with sending men into outerspace, hundreds of miles away, it never saw what was being invented to bring everyone closer together -- eventually.
So, just in case you missed the development of the Internet, I've composed a brief timeline highlighting some of the major occurences over the past 41 years. For more extensive info, you'll find links to other timelines at the bottom of this page.
|| President Eisenhower requests funds to create ARPA. Approved as a line item in Air Force appropriations bill.
|| Len Kleinrock, Professor of Computer Science at UCLA, writes first paper on packet switching, "Information Flow in Large Communications Nets." Paper published in RLE Quarterly Progress Report.
|| J.C.R. Licklider & W. Clark write first paper on Internet Concept, "On-Line Man Computer Communications."
Len Kleinrock writes
Communication Nets, which describes design for packet switching network; used for ARPAnet
|| Paul Baran writes, "On Distributed Communications Networks," first paper on using message blocks to send info across a decentralized networktopology(Nodes and Links)
|| First Network Experiment: Directed by Larry Roberts at MIT Lincoln Lab, two computers talked to each other using packet-switching technology.
|| ARPA project begins. Larry Roberts is chief scientist.
|| ARPANet contract given to Bolt, Beranek & Newman (BBN) in Cambridge, Mass.
|Sept. 1, 1969
|| First ARPANet node installed at UCLA Network Measurement Center. Kleinrock hooked up the Interface Message Processor to a Sigma 7 Computer.
|Oct. 1, 1969
|| Second node installed at Stanford Research Institute; connected to a SDS 940 computer. The first ARPANet message sent: "lo." Trying to spell log-in, but the system crashed!
|Nov. 1, 1969
|| Third node installed at University of California, Santa Barbara. Connected to an IBM 360/75.
|Dec. 1, 1969
|| Fourth node installed at University of Utah. Connected to a DEC PDP-10.
|| Fifth node installed at BBN, across the country in Cambridge, Mass.
||Alohanet, first packet radio network, operational at University of Hawaii.
|| First basic e-mail programs written by Ray Tomlinson at BBN for ARPANET: SNDMSG and READMAIL. "@" sign chosen for its "at" meaning.
|| First ARPANET international connections to University College of London (England) and NORSAR (Norway).
|| Intelreleases the 8080 processor.
Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn publish "A Protocol for Packet Network Interconnection," which details the design of TCP.
|| Apple Computer founded by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak.
Queen Elizabeth II sends out an e-mail.
Vint Cerf joins ARPA as program manager.
|| TCP split into TCP and IP.
|| Bob Metcalfe and others found 3Com (Computer Communication Compatibility).
|| Tim Berners-Lee writes program called "Enquire Within," predecessor to the World Wide Web.
|| IBM announces its first Personal Computer. Microsoft creates DOS.
||Cisco Systems founded.
||Domain Name System (DNS) designed by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris, and Craig Partridge. .edu, .gov, .com, .mil, .org, .net, and .int created.
|| William Gibson writes "Neuromancer." Coins the term "cyberspace".
Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh on January 24th.
|March 15, 1985
|| Symbolic.com becomes the first registered domain.
|| 5000 hosts on ARPAnet/Internet.
|| 10,000 hosts on the Internet.
First Cisco routershipped.
25 million PCs sold in US.
|| 100,000 hosts on Internet.
McAfee Associates founded; anti-virus software available for free. Quantum becomes America Online.
|| ARPAnet ends. Tim Berners-Lee creates the World Wide Web.
|| "Surfing the Internet" is coined by Jean Armour Polly.
|| Mosaic Web browser developed by Marc Andreesen at University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana.
Web grows by 341,000 percent in a year.
|| Netscape Communications founded.
Jeff Bezos writes the business plan for Amazon.com.
Java's first public demonstration.
|| Microsoft licenses technology from Spyglass to create Web browser for Windows 95.
|May 23, 1995
||Sun Microsystems releases Java.
|August 24, 1995
|| Windows 95 released.
|| Domain name tv.com sold to CNET for $15,000. Browser wars begin. Netscape and Microsoft two biggest players.
|| business.com sold for $150,000.
|| US Depart of Commerce outlines proposal to privatize DNS. ICANN created by Jon Postel to oversee privatization. Jon Postel dies.
|| AOL buys Netscape; Andreesen steps down as full-time employee.
Browsers wars declared over; Netscape and Microsoft share almost 100% of browser market.
Microsoft declared a monopoly by US District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson.
Shawn Fanning creates Napster, opening the possibilities of peer-to-peer file sharing and igniting a copyright war in the music industry.
|January 10, 2000
|| AOL Merges with Time-Warner. AOL shareholders take 55% stake in newly formed company.
|| A large-scale denial of service attack is launched against some major Web sites like Yahoo! and eBay, alerting Web sites to the need for tighter security measures.
|| A federal judge rules that Napster must remain off-line until it can prevent copyrighted material from being shared by its users.